A profile comparison of the Finnish regions reveals that the Tampere Region is still the locomotive of technology Finland that matches the capital region in its competence and resource base. When examining the development of the Tampere Region’s profile, gradual changes can be observed but on the whole the regional profile has stayed in line with the previous analyses.
In the regional profile comparison, Finland is examined in a tripartite division: the metropolitan area, regions of high knowledge and technology and regions of natural resources. The Tampere Region is included in the high knowledge and technology Finland, but is also independently represented in the examination. In addition, the regional profile examination describes the development of the comparison profile of the Tampere Region from the profile of 2016 to 2017.
Regions of high knowledge and technology: Southwest Finland, Satakunta, Tavastia Proper, Tampere Region, Päijänne Tavastia, Ostrobothnia and Northern Ostrobothnia. Regions of natural resources: Kymenlaakso, South Karelia, South Savo, North Savo, North Karelia, Central Finland, South Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, Kainuu and Lapland. (Index review: Entire country = 100).
The most visible changes in the profile of the Tampere Region are the decline in the trade balance and in the RDI funding granted by Tekes. The decline in the trade balance moves the profile of the Tampere Region a bit closer to the profile of the capital region, while the decline in the indicator describing research and innovation activity investments moves the Tampere Region slightly further away from the profile of the capital region in the graph. The profile changes remain, however, relatively minor and, in terms of the indicators describing the traditional innovation activities, the Tampere Region is still ahead of the national average, regions of natural resources and high knowledge and technology.
Although the change of scale of the research and development activities in the Tampere Region has been considerable, the Tampere Region still remains one of Finland’s most research and development-intensive regions. However, per capita research and development expenditure, for example, in comparison to the capital region have decreased in the Tampere Region much more steeply over the last eight years. There is a particularly clear drop in the R&D investments of companies. In proportion to gross domestic product, the Tampere Region’s drop in the R&D expenditures has also been steep, while in Helsinki-Uusimaa the proportion has stayed relatively even. In proportion to GDP, however, R&D expenditure remains higher in the Tampere Region than in Helsinki-Uusimaa.
The Tampere Region profile showed minor improvement in the number of exporting companies and in the value added at factor cost in industry. The Tampere Region continues to be a significant area in terms of industry and exports in Finland. Approximately 10% of the value added at factor cost in industry is generated in the Tampere Region and the share of the Tampere Region in exports was slightly less than 8% in 2016.
In terms of indicators describing human capital (population with university-level education, foreign university-level students and the number of entrepreneurs), the Tampere Region is close to the national average and the level of the indicators has stayed relatively stable between the comparison profiles of different years.